Artists who produced Vietnamese ceramics in ancient times wew liberal in their process and did not rely on rigid rules of symmetry and decoration. In those days, Vietnamese potters didn’t make special wares for the royal families; the same village kilns served both royalty and common people.
Vietnamese may have first discovered the secrets of glazing nearly 2,000 years ago, when they routinely applied an ivory-coloured glaze, not the light brown one used on ancient Chinese ceramics. The History Museum in Ha Noi has two typical artifacts: a water jar shaped like the head of an elephant and a terracotta tray decorated with three fish as well as the circular motifs also found on bronze items from the Dong Son Period first millennium B.C.)
The recovery of national independence in the late tenth century helped pottery develop. became more varied and glazes, more brilliant. Circular, stylised lotus motifs that were inspired by the expanding Buddhist faith appeared on bowls plates, vessels, and trays.
Vietnamese potters used celadon-green glazes Scholars had assumed these during this period. as jade-green glazes were the same discoveries celadon, but new archaeological from made in Van Don, a busy commercial port the eleventh to the fifteenth century, have proven this false.
Archeologists discovered tenth-century the bricks decorated with leaves and flowers near the old royal capital of Hoa Luand in Thien Truong, and native district of the Tran Dynasty (thirteenth and fourteenth centuries). Labourers building various monuments used these and other ceramic motifs.
Ceramic wares coated with a white glaze over decorative blue motifs began to appear in the fifteenth century. Potters produced articles in particular bowls and plates, in several locations; the most famous are Th5Ha (now in Bic Phuc Province). and Huang Canh (now in Vinh Giang Province).
Vietnamese traders exported ceramics to Japan, where historical records indicate that seventeenth-century Japanese artisans often used them as models and borrowed the Vietnamese techniques for Kotchi pottery. Kotchi is the Japanese transcription of “Giao Chi a former Chinese name for Viet Nam.
The lack of special kilns just for Viet Nam’s royal families never hindered ancient Vietnamese ceramics. Then, beginning with the reign of King Long potters built kilns on Long Hill Hue to tiles for the royal palaces. These kilns employed the same reduction firing used for the popular ceramic wares from Binh Dinh Province. Even though the Long Tho Hill kilns closed after artisans completed the royal palaces, craftsmen continued using this firing method until the beginning of the twentieth century.
During the nineteenth century. King Thieu Tri and King Tu Duc ordered blue floral porcelain from Jingdezhen, China for their courts. These wares had “noi phu” (“for use in the King’s Court”) and/ or “Thieu Tri” or “Tv Euc” written on them Later, just before 1945 Chinese traders capitalised on the taste for royal wares and flooded market with imitations, complete with the inscription “noi phu”